The scope of chemicals and hazardous
articles: the chemicals refer to cleaning agent, disinfecting agent,
pesticide, agent and reagent, etc.; the hazardous articles refer to
explosive, compressed air, liquefied gas, inflammable liquid, inflammable
solid, spontaneously combustible, chemical which in contact with water or
damp emit flammable gas, oxidizer, toxic article and corrosive.
The inflammable liquids with the
flash point below 45℃（inclusive）
(such as aether, gasoline, benzene, ethanol and butanol, etc.).
The inflammable solids, flammable
solids liable to spontaneous combustion and the solids dangerous when wet
(such as red phosphorus, yellow phosphorus, potassium, sodium and calcium
The inflammable and
combustion-supporting gases (such as hydrogen, acetylene gas, liquid gas and
The inflammable chemicals and the
oxidizers can become explosive mixture or result in combustion (such as
potassium chlorate, sodium chlorate, potassium nitrate, sodium peroxide and
nitric acid, etc.).
Corrosive chemicals (such as strong
acid, alkali, bromine, formaldehyde and sodium hydroxide, etc.).
Highly toxic chemicals (such as
cyanide, arsenide and alkaloid, etc.).
Chemicals and inflammable substances
(such as paints, engine oil, lubricating oil, pesticide, disinfecting
solution, detergent and agricultural chemicals, etc.).
The purchase department shall
examine the suppliers and purchase from the nearby and reliable units in
operation while purchasing the chemicals and hazardous. The units in
operation shall be with the business certificates of chemicals and hazardous
The suppliers are required to supply
the performance specification and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) of
chemicals and hazardous, confirm the notes for operation and the
countermeasures for possible emergency states and transmit to related
departments and staff.
The appointed vehicles shall be
Such articles can not be loaded with
other goods simultaneously during the transportation.
Handle gently during the loading and
transportation and flow, friction and traction are prohibited; do not use
iron tools and do not wear shoes with iron nails.
The inbound/outbound and
transportation shall be implemented at morning and evening in summers.
The goods are inspected by the
storekeepers of dangerous goods warehouse, inspect the appearances of the
goods first, and then check whether the packages are complete, the glands
are tight and the symbols are complete and clear. The warehouse entry can be
transacted after the counting. The disqualified ones shall be rejected and
The qualified ones are deposited in
appointed goods allocation locations by characteristics classification and
Storage of chemicals and hazardous
The hazardous articles are kept in
dangerous goods warehouse uniformly with full-time storekeepers.
The warehouse storekeepers shall
accept the professional trainings of fire safety and hazardous articles, be
familiar with physicochemical properties of hazardous articles and grasp the
changing rules (boiling point, self-ignition point, and explosion limit and
extinguishment method, etc.) and countermeasures to guarantee the safety.
There shall be sand bins in the
storage areas of the corrosive hazardous articles as acid and alkali, etc.
to avoid the leakages on the floor. Wear acid and alkali resistant gloves,
shoes, aprons and safety goggles in the transportation of acid and alkali.
The container sealing is an
important measure in the storage and safety guarantee of the inflammable
chemicals, and the container shall be guaranteed with no leakages, no drops,
no smokes and no escaping.
The inflammable chemicals shall be
stored in shady and ventilated areas and in special warehouse, such
chemicals can not be mixed with other chemical hazardous articles and must
be kept by person specially appointed.
The storage areas of chemicals shall
be without any fire sources and heat sources, smoking is strictly
prohibited, and the integrated explosion-proof devices shall be adopted in
the electric power and lighting.
Requisition and usage of chemicals
and hazardous articles
The hazardous chemicals shall be
managed by specially appointed warehouse storekeepers.
The material requisition must be
filled with usages and signed by department managers during the requisition,
handle gentle and do not transport with upside down during the requisition
process so as to avoid the leakages.
75% rubbing alcohol must be
confected and issued by person specially appointed by quality assurance
department and nobody is allowed to issue randomly without the permission of
the quality assurance department. Records must be made on every requisition.
The quality assurance department shall confect the rubbing alcohol according
to standards and deposit in chemical laboratory, the workshops shall get the
alcohol on demands and the quality assurance department shall make the
The chemicals and hazardous articles
as detergent and disinfecting agent, etc. received by the workshops must be
managed by specially appointed health supervisor in special cabinet.
ØSuch articles shall be stored by health supervisors and
there shall be marks on the containers for field use.
ØThe articles are locked in cabinet and kept by the health
supervisors after usage.
Disposal of chemical and hazardous
The oil cotton yarn generated in
cleaning the grease contamination shall be delivered to the boiler room by
the departments periodically for burning.
The waste chemical bottles must be
placed in the trash cans separately.
Prevention on emergency
The deposition places of hazardous
articles must be equipped with fire extinguishers or sand buckets, etc. in
The warehouse manager must sign and
establish issuance detail account records on the issuance of all hazardous
During the happening of fire
hazards, the field staff shall adopt effective extinguishment methods
immediately, isolate the inflammable articles and report to the department
leaders or safety and security section immediately, the field principal
shall be responsible for the guidance of extinguishment and the staff
evacuation, and dial 119 to notice the fire fighting units to adopt
extinguishment measures rapidly when necessary.
During the management process on oil
products and chemical products of the warehouse and various departments, the
field staff shall handle in time and try to collect as much as possible for
any leakages so as to reduce the pollutions to the environment.
After the handling of the emergency,
the responsible department shall fill the process and adopted measures into
Notice on Correction of Protective Measures, clear out the protective
measures and the emergency measures during the recurrence.
The safety and security department
shall be responsible for the storage after the approval of the vice
president in charge of safety.
Safety protection and training
ØWear applicable personal protective equipment as gloves,
safety goggles and masks, etc. while contacting chemicals.
ØRead the Instruction Book to understand the
characteristics, risks, protective and emergency measures before handling
ØThe employees on storing, transporting and using
chemicals can be on duty only through professional trainings.
The employees on storing, transporting and using
chemicals shall know the positions of fire extinguishers clearly.